Published on  Nov 01, 2020 By Arnaud Dumas de Rauly

Cannabis vape cartridge safety: understanding stainless steel

Until now, the main alloy used in cannabis vaping devices has been H59 as this is the cheapest brass alloy and is commonly available. H59 contains up to 2% Pb (lead). The main issue with H59 is that, when it comes into contact with cannabis oil, it leaches lead. Though leaching decreased over time, the amount of lead that has leached into the oil increases

On the other hand we have stainless steel that has become ubiquitous in our everyday lives. You’ll find it in surgical tools and medical equipment, architecture, automobiles and aircraft, as well as in your kitchen. The most common stainless steel products we probably (hopefully) use at home are pots and pans, including cutlery and even kitchen sinks.

Types of Stainless Steel

To be considered a “stainless steel”, the only thing a metal alloy needs to consist of is at least 10.5% chromium. There are literally hundreds of alloys that fit that description. Each type of stainless steel have their own pros and cons, but they are typically divided into 4 groups:


These are the most common stainless steels and they are usually high in nickel content but will also contain high amounts of chromium, nitrogen and molybdenum. The weldability and malleability of austenitic stainless steels are their sweet spot which is why they are commonly used in kitchenware like cutlery and pots & pans or storage containers. In addition to being very strong, they have high corrosion resistance. The most common austenitic stainless steels are 304 and 316, though they are known for being the most expensive.


These stainless steels contains very low carbon and consist primarily of chromium, though other metals can be added like molybdenum. Ferritic stainless steels are magnetic and provide moderate to good corrosion resistance (which increases with chromium content) but weldability and formability are poor. The most common ferritic stainless steels are 430 (ie: automotive trim) and 434 (ie: hot water tanks).


Duplex stainless steels are an austenitic and a ferritic combination. They contain quite a lot of chromium (18% to 28%) as well as moderate amounts of nickel (4.5% to 8%) which makes them less expensive than austenitic stainless steels. Known for their high resistance to stress corrosion cracking and to chloride ion attack, they are heavily used in the underwater oil industry. The most common types of duplex stainless steels include S31803 and S32205.


Martensitic stainless steels were among the first to be used in products like cutlery. Their high carbon content (0.1% to 1.2%) allows them to be hardened to great extents but will provide average resistance to corrosion. They are mainly used in valves/pumps (ie: 420), but also in knife blades (ie: 420C), shafts and spindles (ie:431).

Now that we’ve discussed the types of stainless steel, it’s easy to understand why, when developing our cannabis vaping devices, our only possible choices (mainly due to corrosion resistance) were essentially 304 or 316 stainless steel.

Why use SUS304 for cannabis vaping devices?

Screen Shot 2020-11-01 at 19.34.53

At Blinc, we consider all of our cannabis vaping devices as medical devices. This is why we require our assembling facilities to have ISO13485 certification, in addition to ISO9001 and GMP certifications. Austenitic 304 and 316 stainless steels are considered surgical or medical-grade stainless steels, so why did we choose 304?

Difference between 304 and 316 stainless steels

At its core, the only aspect that varies between 304 and 316 stainless steels is their chromium to nickel ratio: 316 tends to have more nickel but the mechanical properties of both are very comparable. 316 stainless steel is predominantly used for long term surgical applications like implants.

It’s important to keep in mind that in some rare cases, our immune system can have adverse reactions to nickel. In these cases, the best option would be to use titanium, though a more costly solution.

Stainless steel in medical devices

304 Stainless steel is viewed as one of the most suitable materials for manufacturing medical devices. The high corrosion resistance and low carbon content provide medical devices the assurance that bodily tissue, cleaning products, and sterilization products won’t react chemically.

304 Stainless steel provides a number of advantages for cannabis vaping devices like cartridges. Among the most notable one:

      • Rust proof: no oxidation
      • High corrosion resistance
      • Recyclable
      • Antibacterial properties
      • It doesn’t stain
      • Non-magnetic
      • High heat resistance


Medical device applications for stainless steel

304 Stainless Steel 316 Stainless Steel
Precision tubing Orthopaedic implants
Bone fixation Artificial heart valves
Chemical containers or hazardous waste containers  
Wires/wire coils/wire forms  
Medical needles/syringes  
Sensor probes  

How does Blinc ensure the quality of stainless steel 

One of the pillars of Blinc is of course quality. And when we say quality, we don’t simply mean a products that works. Quality being part of our DNA, we are the only cannabis vaping manufacturer who actually controls the entire supply chain of raw materials used for assembling our hardware.

In practice, this means our team in Shenzhen selects and audits raw materials suppliers on a regular basis to make sure that only the best materials and facilities are used. One of the operations during our audits of SUS304 suppliers is sending samples off for testing to one of our partner labs in Hong Kong to make sure the chemical composition of stainless steel meets AISI requirements.We also perform testing to comply with the FDA’s Generally Recognized As Safe (GRAS) specifications for stainless steel.

Devices designed for medical use must by nature meet strict design and manufacturing criteria. In a world increasingly focused on lawsuits and retribution, claims of injury or harm from misconduct, anything that comes into contact with the human body or contains products consumed by humans, must be designed with strict raw material guidelines.

Subscribe to our Blog


Join The Conversation



A few words from industry leaders

Quality control and compliance were our most important factors for choosing a hardware designer, producer and supplier. Blinc was chosen over others considered based on their reputation and experience for these key factors.
A team of rockstars across the board, from brand realignment to product development to training and support - big thank you!!!
The integrity of that medicine starts with the hardware that is used to deliver it and we knew that partnering with the Blinc Group was the best way to provide that kind of quality and reliability to our patients.
Working with Blinc Group was a completely seamless experience. Our team is very particular and detail-oriented, but Blinc was able to walk us through all our questions and queries to create a product we are stoked about.
The Blinc Group's unmatched customer service and supply chain diligence give us the peace of mind needed to provide our patients and customers with a quality product.
You guys are the best! Keep up the great work! We look forward to working more with Blinc as our hardware partner!
We could not be happier with our choice to work with The Blinc Group, and look forward to continue innovating with them in the future.
The alignment between our two companies is fantastic. Blinc takes safety and quality as seriously as we do, and the outcome of the working relationship has both teams excited...
The Blinc Group produces high quality products and provides great, attentive, and friendly customer service. We especially appreciate their documented attention to testing and compliance.
Fume Labs and the Blinc Group are incredible partners and we’re very fortunate to be working with them on our first product.